Friday, April 30, 2010
Neil Arnold: A Big Cat Commentary
Neil Arnold (author of Monster! and Mystery Animals of the British Isles: Kent) provides us with an insightful and thought-provoking look at Britain's big-cat controversy:
"I collected my first ‘big cat’ newspaper clipping when I was eight-years old. It was 1982. I investigated my first eye-witness report when I was ten. I would’ve thought that after more than twenty years researching the subject, the age old myths and theories would have been dispelled by now. The reality is, the so-called ‘big cat’ situation, certainly in the UK, is as dull as dishwater. When I first read Di Francis’ ‘Cat Country’ and ‘The Beast of Exmoor’, and also Janet & Colin Bord’s ‘Alien Animals’, I found them dated, despite at the time they were considered refreshing with their theories and coverage. Again, a few decades later nothing has changed.
"With more and more website’s devoted to exotic cat ‘research’ popping up, you’d have thought that the woods of Britain were full of ‘big cat’ enthusiasts. You would’ve also thought that the age-old theories would have been put to bed with so many minds at work. Sadly no.
"There are countless website’s and books, which mention that in the 1960s you could walk into Harrods Dept. Store in London and purchase a large exotic cat. This is indeed true, to some extent. I have records that lion and puma were purchased there, but no black leopards. Now, this doesn’t mean to say such animals were not purchased there, but I’ve read over the years from various ‘researchers’ that not enough people have come forward to admit they owned large cats (but let’s face it, not many people who released animals would come forward), and no receipts have been found etc.
"In the British ‘big cat’ situation, the naivety is astounding, and I truly believe that people are seeking a mystery which just isn’t there. It is a FACT that large exotic cats DO roam the UK. I’ve seen them, I’ve filmed them. Many other people have. But the constant conflict of theories is rather embarrassing to say the least. It’s as if people want these elusive animals to be supernatural, it’s as if they want them to have a origination beyond escapees/releases, but the reality is, the explanation is very simple. The mystery has taken over the mind.
"Earlier in April 2010 I spoke to Harrods archive department regarding receipts etc, to prove that large cats were purchased. Now, apart from the story of Christian the lion, and the occasional other case where press were interested, a majority of sales would have simply been destroyed as regards to receipts and archives. Any member of the public or celebrity who acquired an exotic pet would have been treated with strictest confidence and their sale filed but then destroyed after filling the archives for a few years.
"Harrods were not, and are not responsible for the animals which roam the south-east today. And neither are those alleged circuses which were said to have dumped their animals, and neither are the zoo parks who may have lost the occasional cat. The ‘big cat’ situation will always be a sum of many parts because of the hilarious theories and attitudes of those involved in the research. Sadly, there is nothing enigmatic about as to why such animals roam the UK.
"I’ve just finished my new book, ‘Mystery Animals of the British Isles: London’, and whilst collating evidence I was shocked to find a startling number of incident’s where people purchased large, exotic cats oh so casually. Certainly over the last couple of decades it has been increasingly difficult to purchase a ‘big cat’ although the drug dealers across the United States and South America have proven otherwise as their black leopards and tigers continue to escape into the wilds.
"I thought it would be difficult finding any records of cat attacks on humans, cats escaping, purchases etc, but in fact there was an alarming regularity in the purchases of such animals. Most of these animals, such as puma, were purchased as cute, cuddly cubs. It seems that for every animal purchased pre-1976 (when the Dangerous Wild Animals Act was introduced), many went unrecorded, but thankfully, due to some newspaper archives and my own digging and delving, it proves that a majority of animals seen in the wilds today ARE offspring of animals released back then. And as we know, there are a handful of relatively modern cases of animals escaping or being released (2001 lynx in London, and in 1987, four female pumas and two lynx released into Kent woodlands).
"These kind of situation’s haven’t just gone on for decades, but centuries, and that’s why there are large, exotic cats in the wilds. The Victorian era was a prime time for exotic beasts to be paraded through the streets, fields and in shops. And there exist records of purchases more than a century previous to this.
"We must seek the consistency of reports rather than taking note of the occasional lion, tiger and jaguar sighting. Eye-witness reports must be taken with a pinch of salt when they are inconsistent. Only recently I read of several Kent-based sightings (and more the fool the website owner for putting them up) in which one witness stated, “I don’t know if it was a fox or a panther…”, and another, “..similar to a tabby with a white belly. Slight hint of green in the fur...tail, bushy and same proportion to as a domestic cat”. Sounds to me exactly like a domestic cat I’m afraid. It’s worrying to see such bizarre reports featured on website’s.
"Black leopard, puma, lynx, and jungle cat are the main four species of cat in the UK wilds. Caracal and ocelot also feature but are of a far smaller percentage. However, before we start trudging through the woods looking for exotic cats with green fur, or lions and tigers, we must look at their origin’s to realise that there’s no mystery, and that any mystery created is simply down to bad research.
"I hope my ‘…London’ book will provide the answers, certainly in respect for the south-east. And I believe that if the whole of the south-east can be explained, then surely so can the rest of the UK. Why create prehistoric survivor’s in one county, monster feral cats in another, supernatural demon’s in another, and lions and tiger’s somewhere else when there’s no consistency in this ?
"‘Big cats’ in the UK have become an urban legend because the mystery surrounding them is false. Trigger cam’s litter the countryside because researchers everywhere hope they can find their Holy Grail which, in their minds, will earn them a badge of honour.
"Recently the organisation called Natural England, according to the tabloids, stated that “Big Cats Are A Myth”. Sometimes I wish they were, although when you look at some of the theories and reports which are filed, and method’s used to ‘track’ them, it’s no wonder such animals have been filed alongside UFOs and ghosts.
"In their ‘Alien Animals’ book, Janet & Colin Bord called their ‘big cat’ chapter ‘Cats That Can’t Be Caught…’. I sincerely hope that statement rings true many years from now. However, despite the foggy lore created around these animals, I think it would be more apt updating the chapter title to ‘Cats That Could Be Bought…’, because that’s the answer to it all."